HIV and Other Conditions
HIV and Other Conditions




Hepatitis is a disease that causes serious liver problems and liver cancer. People with HIV have a higher risk for being infected with hepatitis (B and C), and their hepatitis can get worse, faster.

If you have HIV, talk to your healthcare provider about how often you should be tested for hepatitis, and how it can be treated if you have it.



It’s very important to tell your healthcare provider if you have, or have had in the past, any of these conditions:

  • Tuberculosis
  • Diabetes
  • Dental problems
  • Heart disease
  • Cancer
  • Kidney disease

Other conditions—even common ones—can be more serious in people with HIV. They can get worse faster than they normally would.

A lot of these illnesses can be treated, but some of the medications used to treat them can have an effect on HIV medication.



Someone with HIV, especially if their CD4+ T-cell count is less than 200, is more at risk of getting opportunistic infections (OIs). These infections, which are caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites, are less likely to occur in people with a healthy immune system.

If someone with HIV has one of these infections—no matter what their CD4+ T-cell count is—they are diagnosed with AIDS. The CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) has a list of the most common OIs (for a complete list, please see, including:

  • Herpes simplex: chronic ulcer(s) (greater than 1 month’s duration); or bronchitis, pneumonitis, or esophagitis
  • Invasive cervical cancer
  • Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS)
  • Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC)
  • Pneumonia, recurrent
  • Tuberculosis (TB)
  • Wasting syndrome due to HIV



Drinking alcohol or recreational drug use (legal medication like pain pills and illegal drugs like cocaine and heroin) can:

  • Affect your immune system and may make your HIV get worse, faster
  • Affect how well your HIV medication works
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Download this brochure for information on substance use disorders.


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